Menopause marks a major milestone in a woman’s life and is a time of great physical, hormonal and psychological changes. During perimenopause, which is the transition phase leading up to menopause, a woman’s ovaries gradually stop producing estrogen and progesterone. It is these hormonal changes that cause menopausal symptoms. Perimenopause can last anywhere from 1 to 10 years — and while most of the symptoms that women experience occur during this transition phase, some symptoms continue into menopause and postmenopause.
There is nothing you can do to stop or delay menopause from happening. However, you can take steps to decrease the prevalence and severity of symptoms. All women experience menopause differently. Some women report having a lot of difficulties, while others hardly notice any symptoms at all. Symptoms of menopause vary from woman to woman and can include hot flashes, insomnia, headaches, vaginal dryness, low libido, urinary incontinence, mood swings, irritability, depression, and anxiety.